Symfony News

New in Symfony 4.3: Indexed and Tagged Service Collections

Fran├žois-Xavier de Guillebon Anthony Martin

Contributed by
Fran├žois-Xavier de Guillebon and Anthony Martin
in #30257.

Symfony provides a shortcut to inject all services tagged with a specific tag, which is a common need in some applications, so you don't have to write a compiler pass just for that. In Symfony 4.3 we improved this to allow accessing the tagged services by your own defined index.

In the following example, services tagged with app.handler define an additional attribute called key. When injecting them into the App\HandlerCollection service, you can now define an attribute called index_by to tell Symfony which is the index that should be used in the associative array that contains the tagged services:

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
# config/services.yaml
services:
    App\Handler\One:
        tags:
            - { name: 'app.handler', key: 'handler_one' }
    App\Handler\Two:
        tags:
            - { name: 'app.handler', key: 'handler_two' }

    App\HandlerCollection:
        # inject all services tagged with app.handler as first argument
        # and use the value of the 'key' tag attribute to index the services
        arguments: [!tagged { tag: 'app.handler', index_by: 'key' }]

After compiling the service container, the HandlerCollection service can iterate over the handlers using the values defined in their key attributes:

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
// src/Handler/HandlerCollection.php
namespace App\Handler;

class HandlerCollection
{
    public function __construct(iterable $handlers)
    {
        $handlers = iterator_to_array($handlers);
        $handlerTwo = $handlers['handler_two'];
        // ...
    }
}

Instead of defining the index value in each service tag, you can define this value in a static method called getDefaultIndexName() in your service. For example, this is how the previous App\Handler\One service would look now:

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
// src/Handler/One.php
namespace App\Handler;

class One
{
    // ...

    public static function getDefaultIndexName(): string
    {
        return 'handler_one';
    }
}

The name of this static method is also configurable via the default_index_method tag attribute:

1
2
3
4
5
6
# config/services.yaml
services:
    # ...

    App\HandlerCollection:
        arguments: [!tagged { tag: 'app.handler', default_index_method: 'someCustomMethodName' }]

Be trained by Symfony experts - 2019-03-4 Clichy - 2019-03-6 Clichy - 2019-03-11 Clichy


About us

What a Symfony developer should know about the framework: News, Jobs, Tweets, Events, Videos,...

Find us on Twitter

Find us on Facebook

ADS